Cross Reference Up

Carslaw, CAPN (1988). Anomalies in Income Numbers: Evidence of Goal Oriented Behavior. The Accounting Review 63, No. 2, 321-327.

This work is cited by the following items of the Benford Online Bibliography:

Note that this list may be incomplete, and is currently being updated. Please check again at a later date.


Aono, JY and Guan, L (2008). The Impact of Sarbanes-Oxley Act on Cosmetic Earnings Management. Research in Accounting Regulation, Vol. 20, pp. 205–215. ISSN:1052-0457. DOI:10.1016/S1052-0457(07)00212-3. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Berger, A, Hill, TP, Kaynar, B and Ridder, A (2011). Finite-state Markov Chains Obey Benford's Law. SIAM Journal of Matrix Analysis and Applications 32(3), 665-684. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Bhattacharya, S, Kumar, K and Smarandache, F (2005). Conditional probability of actually detecting a financial fraud – a neutrosophic extension to Benford’s law. International Journal of Applied Mathematics 17(1), 7-14. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Bhattacharya, S, Xu, D and Kumar, K (2010). An ANN-based auditor decision support system using Benford's Law. Decision support systems, 50 (3), 576-584. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Bonache, A, Moris, K and Maurice, J (2009). Risque associé ŕ l'utilisation de la loi de Benford pour détecter les fraudes dans le secteur de la mode. Munich Personal RePEc Archive (MPRA) Paper No. 15352, posted 26 May 2009. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Bonache, AB, Moris, K and Maurice, J (2010). Détection de fraudes et loi de Benford: Quelques risques associés. Revue Française de Comptabilité n°431, 24-27. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Brähler, G, Bensmann, M and Jakobi, HR (2011). Das Benfordsche Gesetz und seine Anwendbarkeit bei der digitalen Prüfung von Fahrtenbüchern. Ilmenauer Schriften zur Betriebswirtschaftslehre 3/2011. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Busta, B and Sundheim, R (1992). Detecting manipulated tax returns with the use of Benford's Law. Center for Business Research Working Paper W95-106-94, St. Cloud State University, Minnesota. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Busta, B and Weinberg, R (1998). Using Benford’s law and neural networks as a review procedure. Managerial Auditing Journal 13(6), 356-366. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Ciofalo, M (2009). Entropy, Benford’s first digit law, and the distribution of everything. Dipartimento di Ingegneria Nucleare, Universitŕ degli Studi di Palermo, Italy. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Craig, TR (1992). Round-off bias in earnings-per-share calculations. Journal of Applied Business Research 8 (4), 106-113. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Dickinson, JR (2002). A universal mathematical law criterion for algorithmic validity. Developments in Business Simulation and Experiential Learning 29, 26-33. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Diekmann, A (2007). Not the First Digit! Using Benford's Law to Detect Fraudulent Scientific Data. Journal of Applied Statistics 34(3), 321-329. ISSN:0266-4763. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Drake, PD and Nigrini, MJ (2000). Computer assisted analytical procedures using Benford’s law. Journal of Accounting Education 18, 127-146. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Dumas, CF and Devine, JH (2000). Detecting Evidence of Non-Compliance in Self- Reported Pollution Emissions Data: An Application of Benford’s Law. Selected Paper, American Agricultural Economics Association, Annual meeting. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Durtschi, C, Hillison, W and Pacini, C (2004). The effective use of Benford’s law to assist in detecting fraud in accounting data. Journal of Forensic Accounting 1524-5586/Vol. V, 17-34. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
El Sehity, T, Hoelzl, E and Kirchler, E (2005). Price developments after a nominal shock: Benford's Law and psychological pricing after the euro introduction. International Journal of Research in Marketing 22(4), 471-480. ISSN:0167-8116. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Ettredge, ML and Srivastava, RP (1999). Using digital analysis to enhance data integrity. Issues in Accounting Education 14(4), 675-690. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Geyer, CL and Williamson, PP (2004). Detecting Fraud in Data Sets Using Benford's Law. Communications in Statistics: Simulation and Computation 33(1), 229-246. ISSN:0361-0918. DOI:10.1081/SAC-120028442. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Guan, L, He, D and Yang, D (2006). Auditing, integral approach to quarterly reporting, and cosmetic earnings management. Managerial Auditing Journal 21(6), 569-581. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Guan, L, Skousen, CJ and Wetzel, TS (2005). Unusual Patterns in Reported Earnings: Additional Evidence. Journal of Forensic Accounting 6(2), 317-332. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Günnel, S and Tödter, KH (2009). Does Benford's law hold in economic research and forecasting?. Empirica 36, 273-292. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Henselmann, K, Scherr, E and Ditter, D (2013). Applying Benford's Law to individual financial reports: An empirical investigation on the basis of SEC XBRL filings. Working Papers in Accounting Valuation Auditing, No. 2012-1 [rev.]. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Hickman, MJ and Rice, SK (2010). Digital Analysis of Crime Statistics: Does Crime Conform to Benford’s Law?. Journal of Quantitative Criminology 26(3), 333-349. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Huxley, SJ (2001). Why Benford's Law works and How to do digit analysis on spreadsheets. University of San Francisco website. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Iudica, F (2012). Benford’s Law: Mathematical Properties and Forensic Accounting Applications. Master’s Thesis, Luiss Guido Carli University, Rome, Italy, 2012. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Johnson, GC (2009). Using Benford’s Law to Determine if Selected Company Characteristics are Red Flags for Earnings Management. Journal of Forensic Studies in Accounting & Business, Vol. 1 Issue 2, pp. 39-65. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Jordan, CE and Clark, SJ (2011). Detecting Cosmetic Earnings Management Using Benford’s Law. The CPA Journal 81 (2), pp. 32–37. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Judge, G and Schechter, L (2009). Detecting problems in survey data using Benford’s law. J. Human Resources 44, 1-24. DOI:0.1353/jhr.2009.0010. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Khoshnevisan, M and Bhattacharya, S (2002). A short note on financial data set detection using neutrosophic probability. pp 74-79 in: Smarandache, F (ed), Proceedings of the first international conference on neutrosophy, neutrosophic logic, neutrosophic set, neutrosophic probability and statistics, University of New Mexico - Gallup, Dec 2001. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Kinnunen, J and Koskela, M (2003). Who Is Miss World in Cosmetic Earnings Management? A Cross-National Comparison of Small Upward Rounding of Net Income Numbers among Eighteen Countries. Journal of International Accounting Research 2, 39-68. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Kossovsky, AE (2014). Benford's Law: Theory, the General Law of Relative Quantities, and Forensic Fraud Detection Applications. World Scientific Publishing Company: Singapore. ISSN:978-981-4583-68-8. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Lee, J and Judge, GC (2008). Identifying falsified clinical data. CUDARE working paper 1073, University of California, Berkeley. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Lin, F, Chang, C and Wu, S (2009). A study on the relationship between related party transactions and monthly sales in Taiwan's publicly issued companies. to appear in: Journal of the Chinese Institute of Industrial Engineers. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Lin, F, Guan, L and Fang, W (2009). Heaping In Reported Earnings: Evidence from Monthly Financial Reports of Taiwanese Firms. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Lin, F and Wu, S-F (2014). Comparison of cosmetic earnings management for the developed markets and emerging markets: Some empirical evidence from the United States and Taiwan. Economic Modelling, Vol. 36, pp. 466–473. DOI:10.1016/j.econmod.2013.10.002. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Lolbert, T (2006). Digital Analysis: Theory and Applications in Auditing. Hungarian Statistical Review 84, Special number 10. ISSN:0039 0690. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Lolbert, T (2007). Statisztikai eljárások alkalmazása az ellenőrzésben (Applications of statistical methods in monitoring). PhD thesis, Corvinus University, Budapest, Hungary. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Lu, F (2007). Uncovering Fraud in Direct Marketing Data with a Fraud Auditing Case Builder. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 4702, 540-547. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Lu, F and Boritz, JE (2005). Detecting Fraud in Health Insurance Data: Learning to Model Incomplete Benford’s Law Distributions. Machine Learning: ECML 2005 (Proceedings). Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 3270, 633-640. ISSN:0302-9743. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Lu, F, Boritz, JE and Covvey, D (2006). Adaptive Fraud Detection Using Benford’s Law. Advances in Artificial Intelligence Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 4013, pp. 347-358. ISSN:978-3-540-34628-9. DOI:10.1007/11766247_30. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Martín, AB (2003). Sistematización del proceso de depuración de los datos en estudios con seguimientos. PhD Thesis, Universitat Autňnoma de Barcelona, Spain. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Mochty, L (2002). Die Aufdeckung von Manipulationen im Rechnungswesen - Was leistet das Benford's Law?. Die Wirtschaftsprüfung 14, 725-736. View Complete Reference No online information available Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Möller, M (2009). Measuring the Quality of Auditing Services with the Help of Benford’s Law - An Empirical Analysis and Discussion of this Methodical Approach. E-print available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1529307; last accessed June 23, 2014. DOI:10.2139/ssrn.1529307. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Nigrini, MJ (1992). The Detection of Income Tax Evasion Through an Analysis of Digital Frequencies. PhD thesis, University of Cincinnati, OH, USA. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Nigrini, MJ (1996). A taxpayer compliance application of Benford’s law. Journal of the American Taxation Association 18(1), 72-91. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Nigrini, MJ (1996). Digital Analysis and the Reduction of Auditor Litigation Risk. Proceedings of the 1996 Deloitte & Touche / University of Kansas Symposium on Auditing Problems, ed. M. Ettredge, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, pp. 69-81. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Nigrini, MJ (2000). Continuous Auditing. Preprint. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Nigrini, MJ (2005). An Assessment of the Change in the Incidence of Earnings Management Around the Enron-Andersen Episode. Review of Accounting and Finance 4, 92-110. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Nigrini, MJ (2011). Forensic Analytics: Methods and Techniques for Forensic Accounting Investigations. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey. ISSN:978-0-470-89046-2. View Complete Reference No online information available Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Nigrini, MJ and Mittermaier, LJ (1997). The use of Benford's Law as an aid in analytical procedures. Auditing - A Journal of Practice & Theory 16(2), 52-67. ISSN:0278-0380. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Niskanen, J and Keloharju, M (2000). Earnings cosmetics in a tax-driven accounting environment: evidence from Finnish public firms. European Accounting Review 9(3), 443-452. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Orita, M, Moritomo, A, Niimi, T and Ohno, K (2010). Use of Benford's law in drug discovery data. Drug Discovery Today, Vol. 15, Nos. 9–10, pp. 328–331. ISSN:1359-6446. DOI:10.1016/j.drudis.2010.03.003. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Perez-Gonzalez, F, Heileman, GL and Abdallah, CT (2007). Benford's Law in Image Processing. Image Processing, pp I-405 - I-408. ICIP 2007. IEEE International Conference. ISSN:1522-4880. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Rauch, B, Brähler, G, Engel, S and Göttsche, M (2011). Fact and Fiction in EU-Governmental Economic Data. German Economic Review 12(3), 243-255. DOI:10.1111/j.1468-0475.2011.00542.x. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Rodriguez, RJ (2004). First Significant Digit Patterns from Mixtures of Uniform Distributions. American Statistician 58(1), 64-71. ISSN:0003-1305. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Rodriguez, RJ (2004). Reducing False Alarms in the Detection of Human Influence on Data. Journal of Accounting, Auditing & Finance 19(2), 141-158. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Saville, A (2003). Using Benford's Law to predict data error and fraud. An examination of companies listed on the JSE securities exchange. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Saville, A (2006). Using Benford's law to detect data error and fraud: an examination of companies listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange. South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 9(3), 341-354. ISSN:1015-8812. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Skousen, CJ, Guan, L and Wetzel, TS (2004). Anomalies and unusual patterns in reported earnings: Japanese managers round earnings. Journal of International Financial Management & Accounting 15(3), 212-234. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Slijepčević, S and Blašković, B (2013). Statistical detection of fraud in the reporting of Croatian public companies. Financial Theory and Practice, 38(1), pp. 81-96. DOI:10.3326/fintp.38.1.4. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Suh, I and Headrick, TC (2010). A comparative analysis of the bootstrap versus traditional statistical procedures applied to digital analysis based on Benford's Law. Journal of Forensic and Investigative Accounting 2(2), 2010, 144-175. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Thomas, JK (1989). Unusual Patterns in Reported Earnings. Accounting Review 64(4), 773-787. ISSN:0001-4826. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Tilden, C and Janes, T (2012). Empirical evidence of financial statement manipulation during economic recessions. Journal of finance and accountancy, 12, pp.1-15. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
van Caneghem, T (2002). Earnings management induced by cognitive reference points. The British Accounting Review 34(2), 167-178. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
van Caneghem, T (2004). The impact of audit quality on earnings rounding-up behaviour: some UK evidence. European Accounting Review 13(4), 771-786. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Wallace, WA (2002). Assessing the quality of data used for benchmarking and decision- making. The Journal of Government Financial Management 51(3), 16-22. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Watrin, C, Struffert, R and Ullmann, R (2008). Benford’s Law: an instrument for selecting tax audit targets?. Review of Managerial Science 2(3), 219-237. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work