Iafrate, JR (2014). Benford’s Law and Power Law Behavior in Fragmentation Processes. Undergraduate Honors Thesis, Williams College, Williamstown, MA. | ||||

Iafrate, JR, Miller, SJ and Strauch, FW (2015). Equipartitions and a distribution for numbers: A statistical model for Benford's law. Phys. Rev. E 91, 062138. DOI:10.1103/PhysRevE.91.062138. | ||||

Ibrahim, B and Robey, T (2020). Mapping corruption risk in Indonesia’s upstream oil and gas industry. Anti-Corruption Evidence (ACE) Working Paper 021. | ||||

Idrovo, AJ (2009). Benford's Law to evaluate the detection and reporting of cases during the A(H1N1) influenza outbreak. Rapid Response to: "The economic impact of pandemic influenza", BMJ 2009;339:b4888. | ||||

Idrovo, AJ, Bojórquez-Chapela, I, Fernández-Niño, JA and Moreno-Montoya, J (2011). Performance of public health surveillance systems during the influenza A(H1N1) pandemic in the Americas: testing a new method based on Benford's Law. Epidemiol. Infect. 139(12), pp. 1827-34. ISSN/ISBN:1469-4409. DOI:10.1017/S095026881100015X. | ||||

Idrovo, AJ and Manrique-Hernández, EF (2020). Data Quality of Chinese Surveillance of COVID-19: Objective Analysis Based on WHO’s Situation Reports. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health. DOI:10.1177/1010539520927265. | ||||

Idrovo, AJ, Manrique-Hernández, EF and Niño, JAF (2021). Report From Bolsonaro’s Brazil: The Consequences of Ignoring Science. International Journal of Health Services 51(1), pp. 31-36. DOI:10.1177/0020731420968446. | ||||

Ikoba, NA, Jolayemi, ET and Sanni, OOM (2018). Nigeria’s recent population censuses: a Benford-theoretic evaluation. African Population Studies 32(1), pp. 3974-3981. DOI:10.11564/32-1-1166. | ||||

Ileanu, B-V (2021). Time Lag Evidence of Anti-Abortion Decree and Perturbation of Births Distribution. A Benford Law Approach. Preprint arXiv:2106.15520 [physics.soc-ph]; last accessed July 30, 2021. | ||||

Ileanu, B-V, Ausloos, M, Herteliu, C and Cristescu, MP (2019). Intriguing behavior when testing the impact of quotation marks usage in Google search results. Quality & Quantity 53(5), pp. 2507-2519. DOI:10.1007/s11135-018-0771-0. | ||||

Intilla, F (2009). New Pattern Found in Prime Numbers. Mathematics, News & Press - A Blog by F. Intilla; posted May 10. | ||||

Iorliam, A (2016). Application of power laws to biometrics, forensics and network traffic analysis. PhD Thesis, University of Surrey. | ||||

Iorliam, A (2019). Combination of Natural Laws (Benford’s Law and Zipf’s Law) for Fake News Detection. In: Cybersecurity in Nigeria. SpringerBriefs in Cybersecurity. Springer, Cham. DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-15210-9_3. | ||||

Iorliam, A, Emmanual, O and Shehu, YI (2021). An Investigation of "Benford's" Law Divergence and Machine Learning Techniques for "Intra-Class" Separability of Fingerprint Images. Preprint arXiv:2201.01699 [cs.CV]; last accessed January 12, 2022. | ||||

Iorliam, A, Ho, AT, Poh, N, Zhao, X and Xia, Z (2017). Benford's law for classification of biometric images. In: User-Centric Privacy and Security in Biometrics, Claus Vielhauer (Ed.). ISSN/ISBN:9781785612077. DOI:10.1049/PBSE004E_ch11. | ||||

Iorliam, A, Ho, ATS, Poh, N and Shi, YQ (2014). Do Biometric Images Follow Benford's Law?. Proceedings of the 22nd European Signal Processing Conf.(Eusipco). DOI:10.1109/IWBF.2014.6914261. | ||||

Iorliam, A, Ho, ATS, Poh, N, Tirunagari, S and Bours, P (2015). Data forensic techniques using Benford’s law and Zipf’s law for keystroke dynamics. In: Proceedings of 3rd International Workshop on Biometrics and Forensics (IWBF 2015). IEEE, pp. 1–6. DOI:10.1109/IWBF.2015.7110238. | ||||

Iorliam, A, Ho, ATS, Waller, A and Zhao, X (2017). Using Benford's Law Divergence and Neural Networks for Classification and Source Identification of Biometric Images. In: Shi Y., Kim H., Perez-Gonzalez F., Liu F. (eds) Digital Forensics and Watermarking. IWDW 2016. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 10082. Springer, Cham, pp. 88-105. DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-53465-7_7. | ||||

Iorliam, A and Shangbum, FC (2017). On the Use of Benford’s Law to Detect JPEG Biometric Data Tampering. Journal of Information Security 8, pp. 240-256. DOI:10.4236/jis.2017.83016. | ||||

Iorliam, A, Tirunagari, S, Ho, ATS, Li, S, Waller, A and Poh, N (2017). "Flow Size Difference" Can Make a Difference: Detecting Malicious TCP Network Flows Based on Benford's Law. arXiv:1609.04214v2 [cs.CR], last accessed February 6, 2017. | ||||

Irmay, S (1997). The relationship between Zipf's law and the distribution of first digits. Journal of Applied Statistics 24(4), pp. 383-393. ISSN/ISBN:0266-4763. DOI:10.1080/02664769723594. | ||||

Isaković-Kaplan, S, Demirović, L and Proho, M (2021). Benford’s Law in Forensic Analysis of Income Statements of Economic Entities in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Croatian Economic Survey 23(1), pp. 31-61. DOI:10.15179/ces.23.1.2. | ||||

Isea, R (2020). How Valid are the Reported Cases of People Infected with Covid-19 in the World?. International Journal of Coronaviruses 1(2), pp. 53-56. DOI:10.14302/issn.2692-1537.ijcv-20-3376. | ||||

Istrate, C (2019). Detecting earnings management using Benford’s Law: the case of Romanian listed companies. Journal of Accounting and Management Information Systems 18(2), pp. 198-223. DOI:10.24818/jamis.2019.02003. | ||||

Iudica, F (2012). Benford’s Law: Mathematical Properties and Forensic Accounting Applications. Master’s Thesis, Luiss Guido Carli University, Rome, Italy, 2012. | ||||

Ivakhnenkov, SV and Ivakhnenkov, VV (2018). Zakon Benforda v audyti finansovoyi zvitnosti [Benford Law on Financial Reporting Audit]. Tech Report - Institute of MAUP, National University "Kyiv-Mohyla Academy", Kyiv, number UDK 336:519.2 . RUS | ||||

Iyengar, SS, Rajagopal, AK and Uppuluri, VRR (1983). String Patterns of Leading Digits. Applied Mathematics and Computation 12(4), pp. 321-337. ISSN/ISBN:0096-3003. DOI:10.1016/0096-3003(83)90045-0. |